An alfajor or alajú (Spanish pronunciation: [alfaˈxor] (Arabic الفاخر) plural alfajores) is a traditional Arabic confection found in some regions of Spain and then made with variations in countries of Latin America including Argentina, Uruguay and Mexico.
In most American alfajores there are two layers of cake, and a filling in between. In Argentina the basic form of alfajor consists of two round sweet biscuits joined together with dulce de leche or jam and covered with powdered sugar. Peruvian alfajores are usually coated in powdered sugar, as seen in the picture, and are filled with manjar blanco. The regulation regards the use of only pure honey, almonds, nuts, breadcrumbs, sugar, flour and spices such as aniseed, sesame, coriander, cloves and cinnamon. Another popular feature of the alfajor, although not always present, is a coating of black or white chocolate (many alfajores are sold in "black" and "white" flavors). There's also one variation, called "Alfajor de nieve", that instead of having a white or black chocolate coating, it has a "snow" coating. The "snow coating" consists of a mixture of egg whites and sugar. The regulation regards the use of only pure honey, almonds, nuts, breadcrumbs, sugar, flour and spices such as aniseed, sesame, coriander, cloves and cinnamon.
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What in an Alfajor?, www.wisegeek.com
Dulce de Leche Cookie Sandwiches (Alfajor), www.foodnetwork.com