A Berliner is a predominantly German and Central European doughnut made from sweet yeast dough fried in fat or oil, with a marmalade or jam filling and usually icing such as powdered sugar or conventional sugar on top. Also they are sometimes made with chocolate, champagne, custard, mocha, or advocaat filling, or with no filling at all. The filling is injected with a large syringe after the pastry is fried.
The terminology used to refer to this delicacy differs in various areas of Germany. While most areas call it Berliner (Ballen), residents of Berlin, Brandenburg and Saxony know them as Pfannkuchen, which in the rest of Germany generally means pancakes. In parts of southern and central Germany (Bavaria), as well as in much of Austria, there are a variety of Krapfen. In Hessen they are referred to as Kräppel or Kreppel, or, in Palatinate, Fastnachtsküchelchen.
In English-speaking countries, Berliners, are usually called doughnuts and are usually filled with jam, jelly, custard or whipped cream. However, in South Australia, the Kitchener bun is a Berliner cut on the side for the filling of jam and cream. In Anglophone North America, the most common term for the jam- or jelly-filled pastry is "jelly doughnut". The name is somewhat misleading, since the jam or jelly used is specially made with less pectin, so that it does not "set" like jams and jellies manufactured for table use but has a consistency comparable to Bavarian cream.
The Germans are famous for their berliners, not only from the famous words of John F. Kennedy "Ich bin ein Berliner", but also for the great taste they have.
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Berliner (pastry), en.wikipedia.org
Berliner donuts, www.grouprecipes.com