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Bica

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Coffee is a brewed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds of the coffee plant, colloquially called coffee beans. During time and in different countries there were invented many ways to prepare coffee and different recipes of it. Bica is a kind of coffee specific for Portugal. It is a kind of espresso (a concentrated beverage brewed by forcing a small amount of nearly boiling water under pressure through finely ground coffee), longer than its Italian counterpart, but a little bit softer in taste. This is due to the fact that Portuguese roasting is slightly lighter than the Italian one. "Bica" is thus similar to "Lungo" in Italy. Bica has variations in Portugal. There is Bica Curto that is made with less water, Bica cheia that is weaker, Bica Fraca that is weaker and smaller, Bica Dupla that is double, Bica com Cheirinho with some brandy, and Bica Pingada with some milk. The first coffee-shop to serve Bica in Portugal was Café A Brasileira that opened in Lisbon in 1905.



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References

Coffee preparation, en.wikipedia.org

Bica Coffee, www.bicacoffee.co.nz

Coffee and Milk, www.algarve-info.com

Coffee: Portugal's Other National Drink, coffeegeek.com