The bocadillo or bocata, in Spain and other Hispanic countries, is a sandwich made with Spanish bread cut lengthwise, not with sliced bread. Traditionally seen as a humble food, its low cost has allowed it to evolve over time into an iconic piece of the Hispanic cuisine.
Even if bocadillos contain no lettuce, onions, pickles or mayonnaise, these sandwiches are very flavorful, mainly because of the sausages, hams and cold cuts that are being used. Sometimes, the bread is scrubbed using tomatoes slices.
Bocadillos may be found everywhere from taverns to cafeterias, on streets and they can even be made at home. These sandwiches are easy to carry around when traveling and constitute a perfect snack for lunch. Since they don't contain mayonnaise, bocadillos are not as likely to spoil in the heat and are less messy than other type of sandwiches.
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What is the difference between a “Sandwich” and a "Bocadillo"?, spanishfood.about.com
el bocadillo – the definitive minimalist sandwich, thestonesoup.com