Caffè espresso or caffè expresso, or just espresso or expresso, is a concentrated beverage brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee. Compared to other coffee brewing methods, espresso often has a thicker consistency, a higher concentration of dissolved solids, and crema. As a result of the pressurized brewing process, all of the flavours and chemicals in a typical cup of coffee are very concentrated. For this reason, espresso is the base for other drinks, such as lattes, cappuccino, macchiato, mochas, and americanos.
Espresso was initially popular particularly within the Italian diaspora, growing in popularity with tourism to Italy exposing others to espresso, as developed by Eiscafès established by Italians in Germany.
Italian people commonly refer to it simply as "caffè" (coffee), espresso being the ordinary coffee to order. Normally, within the espressobar environment, the term caffè denotes straight espresso. When one orders "un caffè" it is normally enjoyed at the bar, standing. The espresso is always served with a saucer and demitasse spoon, and sometimes with a complimentary wrapped chocolate and a small glass of water.
Italians, and especially Neapolitans, pay special attention to the preparation, the selection of the blends and the use of accessories, all part of a special culture focused on the drink. Neapolitan are famous for their love for coffee. You can find an excellent cup of coffee everywhere in Naples.
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Italian Coffee Drinks - How to Order Coffee in an Italian Bar, goitaly.about.com