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Chankonabe (ちゃんこ鍋) is a Japanese stew commonly eaten in vast quantity by sumo wrestlers as part of a weight gain diet. It contains a dashi or chicken broth soup base with sake or mirin to add flavor. The bulk of chankonabe is made up of large quantities of protein sources (usually chicken, fish, tofu and vegetables). It represents a kind of mixed dish that is served in a large bowl and is prepared from seasonal seafood, vegetables, meat and other ingredients.

While considered a reasonably healthy dish in its own right, chankonabe is very protein-rich and usually served in massive quantities, with beer and rice to increase the caloric intake. It is not made according to a fixed recipe and often contains whatever is available to the cook.

It is traditionally served according to seniority, with the senior rikishi and any guests of the heya receiving first choice, with the junior wrestlers getting whatever is left.

Many Tokyo's Local Food restaurants are owned by sumo wrestlers who retired and prepare this dish following the initial recipe. The first of these, Kawasaki Chanko, was started in 1937 in the Ryōgoku district of Tokyo, home to many prominent sumo stables.

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