Colcannon (Irish: cál ceannann, meaning "white-headed cabbage") is a traditional Irish dish mainly consisting of mashed potatoes with kale or cabbage. It is also the name of a song about that dish.
Colcannon is traditionally made from mashed potatoes, kale or cabbage, butter, salt, and pepper. It can contain other ingredients such as milk, cream, leeks, onions, chives, garlic, boiled ham or Irish bacon. At one time it was a cheap, year-round staple food, though it is usually eaten in autumn/winter, when kale comes into season.
An old Irish Halloween tradition was to serve colcannon with prizes of small coins concealed in it, as the Irish and English do with Christmas pudding.
Welsh cawl cennin, despite the somewhat similar sound of the expression, is etymologically unrelated to colcannon, meaning "leek soup", literally "broth (of) leeks." Welsh cawl can also mean "gruel"; the usual word for "cabbage" is bresych, so the Welsh equivalent of Irish cál ceannfhionn would be bresychen benwen.
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