A croque-monsieur is a hot ham and cheese (typically emmental or gruyère) grilled sandwich. The dish originated in France as a fast-food snack served in cafés and bars. More elaborate versions of this sandwich come coated in a Mornay or Béchamel sauce.
The name of the sandwich is based on the verb croquer (to crunch) and the word monsieur (mister). The reason behind the combination of these two words remains unknown. Usually the name is colloquially shortened to croque. The origin of the croque-monsieur remain unknown, but there are many speculations of how it was created. The croque-monsieur's first recorded appearance on a Parisian café menu was in 1910.
There are different variations of the croque-monsieur. For example a croque-monsieur served with a fried egg or poached egg on top is known as a croque-madame (or in parts of Normandy a croque-à-cheval).
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- A True Croque Monsieur » Chez Bonne Femme
- Clearly Delicious » Croque Monsieur (Classic French Ham & Cheese Sandwich)
- Clearly Delicious » Croque Madame
Croque Monsieur Recipes, frenchfood.about.com
Le Tantalizing Croque Monsieur, slashfood.com