Angel wings are a traditional sweet crispy pastry made out of dough that has been shaped into thin twisted ribbons, deep-fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar. Traditionally present in several European cuisines, angel wings are known by many other names and have been incorporated into other regional cuisines (such as the United States) by immigrant populations. They are most commonly eaten in the period just before Lent, often during Carnival and on Fat Thursday, the last Thursday before Lent – not to be confused with "Fat Tuesday" (Mardi Gras), the day before Ash Wednesday. There is a tradition in some countries for husbands to give angel wings to their wives on Friday the 13th in order to avoid bad luck.
In the various national cuisines, angel wings are referred to as:
- Belarussian: хрушчы (chruščy) or фаворкі (favorki)
- French: bugnes
- German: Raderkuchen
- Hungarian: csöröge
- Croatian: krostole
- Italian: bugie, chiacchiere, crostoli, frappe, galani, sfrappole
- Lithuanian: žagarėliai
- Polish: chruścik, chruściki, chrust, chrusty, faworki
- Russian: хворост
- Swedish: klenäter
- Slovakian: fánka
Chruściki, chrusty, and faworki are the plural forms of the words chruścik, chrust, and faworek, respectively. The Polish word "faworki" was the name reserved for colourful ribbons attached to either female or male clothing, especially ribbons given to medieval knights by their ladies. Etymologically the word "faworki" came to Poland from the French word faveur, meaning "grace" or "favour".
The Polish word "chrust" means "dry branches broken off trees" or "brushwood". "Chruścik" is a diminutive of "chrust".
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Angel wings, en.wikipedia.org
Chrust (Faworki) Recipe, www.bellaonline.com
Chrust ( Chrusciki ) or Faworki - Updated with Photographs!, culture.polishsite.us