Fernet is a type of amaro, a bitter, aromatic spirit. Fernet is made from a number of herbs and spices which vary according to the brand, but usually include myrrh, rhubarb, chamomile, cardamom, aloe, and especially saffron, with a base of grape distilled spirits, and colored with caramel coloring. Ingredients rumored to be in fernet include codeine, mushrooms, fermented beets, coca leaf, gentian, rhubarb, wormwood, zedoary, cinchona, bay leaves, absinthe, orange peel, calumba, echinacea, quinine, ginseng, St. John's wort, sage, and peppermint oil.
Fernet is usually served as a digestif after a meal but may also be served with coffee and espresso or mixed into coffee and espresso drinks. It contains 45% alcohol by volume. It may be served at room temperature or on the rocks (with ice).
Another popular version is Fernet Stock, a herbal bitter made in Plzeň-Božkov, Czech Republic and in Trieste, Italy. It is flavored with approximately 14 herbs, imported from the Mediterranean and the Alps. It is also available in a sweeter form as Fernet Stock Citrus. The original Fernet is approximately 40% alcohol (Italian version 41%), whereas the Citrus is a lower 30%. The drink has been popular in different countries, but the variety of Fernet is not the same as the Fernet sold by the Czech distillery R. Jelínek which features a more cinnamon flavor.
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Fernet Stock, en.wikipedia.org
FERNET STOCK, www.stock.cz
Fernet Stock Citrus, halusky.co.uk