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Gyros

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Gyros or gyro (pronounced /ˈdʒɪəroʊ/ or /ˈdʒaɪroʊ/, from Greek: γύρος [ˈʝiros] 'turn') is a Greek dish, consisting of meat, tomato, onion, and tzatziki sauce, and is served with pita bread. Gyros may also refer to the sandwich, which consists of the same ingredients.

To make gyros, pieces of meat are placed on a tall vertical spit, which turns in front of a source of heat, usually an electric broiler. If the meat is not fatty enough, strips of fat are added so that the roasting meat remains always moist and crispy at the same time. The outside of the meat is sliced vertically in thin, crispy shavings when done. It is generally served in an oiled, lightly grilled piece of pita, rolled up with various salads and sauces. The pita and gyro themselves are the only obligate ingredients; the remaining condiments to be added always being at the discretion of the customer, even down to the amount of salt and pepper used. An order of "ap' óla", "with everything", means that every available add-on is to be included, including generous peppering with red paprika.

In Greece and Cyprus, the meat is typically pork but can occasionally be chicken or veal. In Athens, and most of Greece, a "pita gyro" will contain tzatziki, tomato, onion and fried potatoes in addition to the meat. However some places offer different alternatives to the classic ingredients. A pita gyro with pork will be served with tzatziki sauce as a dressing, whereas the chicken dressings vary from shop to shop but are most often a variant on mayonnaise mixed with mustard, called "σως" or "sauce" in Greek.

Along with the similar Middle Eastern shawarma and Mexican tacos al pastor, gyros is derived from the Turkish döner kebab, which was invented in Bursa in the 19th century. Gyros was originally introduced to Greece from Thessaloniki, and specifically from the district of Toumba. There are several stories regarding Gyros's origin: One says that the first "gyrádiko" was "Giorgos" who brought gyros to Thessaloniki in 1970; another story says that döner was first introduced in the 1950s in Piraeus by a cook from Constantinople.

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References

Gyro (food), wikipedia.org

Gyro Meat with Tzatziki Sauce, foodnetwork.com

Greek Gyros: O gyros gyrizei, explorecrete.com