Kremówka is a Polish type of cream pie, roughly translated as "cream cake". It is made of puff pastry, with butter-cream (pastry cream) on the inside, and is usually sprinkled with powdered sugar. It is similar to mille-feuille, and can be confused with it.
In some places in Poland it is also known as napoleonka, in others, this means mille-feuille. This confusion has been subject to a satirical drawing by Polish illustrator Andrzej Mleczko.
Sometimes Kremówka containing alcohol are sold, those became popular particularly in the aftermath of a false story that Pope John Paul II was fond of that variant. In fact, the Pope was fond of the traditional kremówka.
On 16 June 1999 pope John Paul II mentioned that after he completed the matura exam, he ate kremówkas in his home town of Wadowice with colleagues. The colleagues bet who could eat more of the cakes. The future Pope ate eighteen kremówkas, but did not win the bet.
And there was a cake shop. After the matura we went for kremówkas. That we survived that all, those kremówkas after the matura....
—Pope John Paul II
This was publicized by media, and "papal" kremówkas from Wadowice became popular in Poland. Confectionery shop where the Pope ate Kremówkas was owned by Jewish cake maker Karol Hagenhuber who came to Poland from Vienna. It was located at Wadowice Town Square. Some speculated that the original papal kremówkas contained alcohol, but that was denied by Hagenhuber's son. According to him, his father's cakes were regular, non-alcoholic kremówkas, but made with all natural ingredients, using a traditional recipe. Either way, this led to renewed, and even international fame for the cake, branded as "papal".
In 2007, to celebrate Pope John Paul's II 87th birthday, a giant kremówka was baked in Rzeszów.
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Poland: Kremowka Papieska / "Papal" Cream Cake, www.europeancuisines.com