Pad Thai or Phat Thai (Thai: ผัดไทย [pʰàt tʰāj], "fried Thai style") is a dish of stir-fried rice noodles with eggs, fish sauce (Thai: น้ำปลา), tamarind juice, red chilli pepper, plus any combination of bean sprouts, shrimp, chicken, or tofu, garnished with crushed peanuts, coriander and lime, the juice of which can be added along with Thai condiments. Pad Thai is one of Thailand's national dishes.
Though the dish had been known in various forms for centuries – the variant of noodle is thought to have been brought to the ancient Thai capital of Ayuthaya by Vietnamese traders – it was first made popular as a national dish by Luang Phibunsongkhram when he was prime minister during the 1930s and 1940s, partly as an element of his campaign for Thai nationalism and centralization, and partly for a campaign to reduce rice consumption in Thailand. The Thai economy at this time was heavily dependent on rice exports; Phibunsongkhram hoped to increase the amount available for export by launching a campaign to educate the poor in the production of rice noodles, as well as in the preparation of these noodles with other ingredients to sell in small cafes and from street carts.
The Pad Thai that is commonly found in Thailand is a dry and light version.
In numerous Western countries Pad Thai includes tomato ketchup which results in a less dry dish and which causes the noodles to turn red in color.
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Pad Thai, en.wikipedia.org
How to Make Perfect Pad Thai Noodles, thaifood.about.com
Healthy Chicken and Egg Pad Thai Recipe, www.livestrong.com