A pannekoek (plural pannekoeken) is a Dutch pancake, also known as Dutch apple pancake in America. Pannekoeken are usually larger (up to a foot in diameter) and much thinner than American or Scottish pancakes. They may incorporate slices of bacon, apples, cheese, or raisins. Plain ones are often eaten with treacle (syrup made of sugar beets), appelstroop (an unspiced dutch variety of apple butter) or powdered sugar and are sometimes rolled up to be eaten by hand.
Basic ingredients are flour (plain, self-rising or both), milk, salt, and eggs. The addition of Buckwheat flour (up to 50 percent) is traditional, but much less common nowadays. Milk can be substituted for soy milk without changing the end result, the other ingredients are essential. Older Dutch people may recall the use of beestings in pannekoeken instead of milk.
The ingredients are beaten into a batter of a fairly liquid consistency. A ladle of batter is then pan fried in butter or oil. Once the top of the pannekoek is dry and the edges start to brown, it can be flipped over. The first one is often less than perfect. At home a stack of pannekoeken can be made in advance so everyone can eat at the same time, or people can take turns at the stove.
Pannekoeken can be, and often are, eaten as a main course. In winter, pannekoeken are sometimes eaten after snert in a two course meal. Pannenkoeken are a popular choice for a childs birthday meal in the Netherlands. Specialised pannekoeken restaurants are common in the Netherlands. They often offer a very wide range of toppings and ingredients, traditional and modern (e.g. cheese, oregano and salami on a pizza-pannekoek).
Dutch supermarkets offer pre-cooked (microwavable) pannekoeken as well as pre-made batter and dry flour mixes. The latter only needs water added, because it contains powdered egg and powdered whey.
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Pannekoek - Dutch pancake recipe, www.outdoor-cooking.com
Pannekoeken – Dutch Pancakes, www.dutchclub.org