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Pastitsio

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Pastitsio (Greek: παστίτσιο; [paˈstitsio]) or macaronia tou fournou, which is the term mainly used in Cyprus, is a Greek or generally Middle Eastern baked pasta dish including pasta, meat sauce, and a custard or béchamel sauce. The usual Greek version has a bottom layer that is bucatini or other tubular pasta with cheese and egg as a binder; a middle layer of ground meat (beef, veal or lamb) with tomato and nutmeg or allspice; another layer of pasta; and a top layer of sauce, varying from an egg-based custard to a flour-based Béchamel or a Béchamel with cheese known as Mornay sauce in France. Grated cheese and nutmeg are often sprinkled on top. Pastitsio is a common dish, and is often served as a main course, with a salad.

Pastitsio takes its name from the Italian pasticcio, a large family of pies often involving pasta and ragù. Many Italian versions include a pastry crust, some include béchamel.

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References

Pastitsio, en.wikipedia.org

Pastitsio - Baked Pasta with Meat and Bechamel Topping, greekfood.about.com

Pastitsio, Deconstructed (παστίτσιο), kalofagas.blogspot.com