Perec is the Hungarian for Pretzel, a type of baked food made from dough in soft and hard varieties and savory or sweet flavors in a unique knot-like shape, originating in Europe.
The pretzel shape is a distinctive symmetrical looped form, with the ends of a long strip of dough intertwine brought together and then twisted back onto itself in a certain way ("a pretzel loop"). Pretzels in stick form may also be called pretzels in the English-speaking context. For seasoning and decoration different glazes, salt crystals, sugar and various seeds or nuts can be used. The size varies from large enough for one to be sufficient, to much smaller.
Among Perec's ingredients are flour, butter, milk, yeast, sugar, salt, water and egg yolks.
Pretzels made of sour or yeast dough are believed to be of Christian Medieval European origin.
In the Czech Republic, the pretzel is known as preclík, in Finland as viipurinrinkeli. The Spanish, French and Italians call it pretzel, bretzel or brezel, the Dutch favor sweet variants called krakeling, Norwegian and Danish call it a kringle, in Polish it is precel, in Serbian it is pereca. In Romania, pretzel is known as covrig, it being considered a very popular fast food in urban areas and also a holiday gift in rural areas.
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Hungarian Pretzel, mygastronomy.blogspot.com
Hungarian Pretzels (Perec), www.food.com