Sabich (Hebrew: סביח) or "Sabikh" is a Middle-Eastern food popular in Israel consisting of pita stuffed with fried eggplant and hard boiled eggs. Local consumption is said to have stemmed from a tradition among Iraqi Jews, who eat it on Shabbat morning.
Some say the name is derived from 'Sabah', which means 'morning' in Arabic. One vendor claims it is named after him while a competing vendor claims Sabich is the Hebrew acronym for Salad (סלט or 'Salat'), Egg (ביצה or 'Beitzah'), More Eggplant (יותר חציל or 'Yot'er khatzeel').
Sabich, served in pita bread, traditionally contains fried eggplant, hard boiled eggs, hummus, tahini, Israeli salad, potato, parsley and amba (a mango pickle). Traditionally it is made with haminados eggs, slow-cooked in hamin until they turn brown. Sometimes it is doused with hot sauce and sprinkled with minced onion.
Sabich was developed by Iraqis. Iraqi Jews, who were expelled from or fled Iraq in the aftermath of the formation of the State of Israel on Palestinian land in 1948, brought Sabich to Israel. Many of them settled in Ramat Gan, where the dish is erroneously claimed to have been invented. On the Sabbath, when no cooking is allowed, the Jews of Iraq ate a cold meal of precooked fried eggplant, cooked potatoes and hard-boiled eggs. In Israel, these ingredients were stuffed in a pita and sold as fast food. In the 1950s and 1960s, vendors began to sell the sandwich in open-air stalls, and the dish has since become popular in Israel and in Jewish, Christian and Muslim communities (and perhaps Buddhist communities, as well as other religions) around the world. In addition, it has been reported that atheists also enjoy this sandwich.
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Hybrid Power: The Iraqi-Israeli Sabich, www.saveur.com
Sabich - The Alternate Israeli Fast Food, www.gemsinisrael.com