Turkish delight (Lokum) has been produced in the Ottoman Empire since the 15th century. It is a confection that in the West is frequently manufactured from starch and sugar, but which in the Middle East takes a variety of more subtle forms, including premium varieties made almost solely of chopped dates, pistachios and hazelnuts or walnuts. Western varieties have a soft, jelly-like consistency, and are often flavored with rosewater, mastic or lemon. The confection is often packaged and eaten in small cubes dusted with flour, icing sugar, copra, or powdered cream of Tartar to prevent clinging. Other common types include flavors such as cinnamon or mint. In the production process soapwort may be used as an additive, serving as an emulsifier.
There is a story about the creation of Turkish delight. Famous Sultan wanted to please his many wives, so he ordered his confectioner to make some special sweets. Excited to satisfy the Sultan’s wish, the confectioner decided to mix together sugar syrup, nuts, dried fruits, various flavorings and then bound them together with mastic. After numerous efforts, the most delicious sweet, with these scrumptious little pieces, was finally created.
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Turkish delight , en.wikipedia.org
Turkish delight , www.turkish-delight.com
Turkish delight , mideastfood.about.com